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Improving security culture by stopping toxic behaviours

Lately, I’m witnessing a lot of toxic behaviours that prevent my clients to improve their human security posture. Toxic behaviour are not bad behaviour per se but behaviours that act against your security culture and awareness campaigns.

Let me give you a few examples:

  • Internal website use non-recognized SSL certificates while you try to educate your staff to distrust non-SSL and badly signed websites
  • The company is using external email addresses for official internal communications or actions (like for surveys, training, HR, and so on) while you try to make people to be warned by such kind of emails
  • The company is using a zilion different domains for their internal and external website(s) while you try to educate people to recognize the good one(s) from the bad ones

Rings a bell? All these “accepted ” deviation to the common sense and usability makes it even more difficult to educate your staff and change their behaviour. It is like trying to explain the principle of a good diet to your kids while eating a big donut and giving them candies. It’s like slapping their hands when they do something wrong but forcing them to do it so they can do their jobs. In psychology, we call that a double bind and it is believed to be at the source of some psychological diseases. So, imagine what it does to your staff and how adverse it can be to your attempt to develop a positive security culture.

So, should we put a focus on getting rid of toxic behaviours first? I think so. Do you?

User-Interface design: an overlooked security matter

Human error is one of the most overlooked threat to most IT systems. A low level of user acceptance of the security features can be one of the most challenging part of the transformation of a company into a secure organization.

KISSS: Keep it Simple, Stupid and Sexy. The last S from this new version of this old acronym comes from Laurence Vanhée, Chief Happiness Officer. Can we make people happy with security? Why not?

Tech companies have invented the WAF, Woman Acceptance Factor. This factor was defined to predict if the woman were ready to accept the purchase of a new home appliance (Smart TV, and so on). The main factor was usability and attractiveness. At that time came the “girly” versions of a lot of appliances and the simplified version of the remote controls. Not that Woman aren’t capable of using complex systems, they just don’t want to bother about some useless complexity. And I don’t think it’s a “woman” thing. We all do, eventually. But in security, we tend to forget that we need to convince our users to be more secure.

Darin Senneff, a creative user interface designer from New-York, has created and shared on Codepen a very nice user login interface that should inspire other website designers.

As you can see, the nice gorilla’s avatar change its behaviour as you type your email and your password. One could add some new behaviour when the password would not be strong enough and some other (positive reinforcement) when the password reach a certain level of complexity. Such interface will likely be more efficient reinforcer of a security aware behaviour than just a message as it will provide a sense of peer pressure and fun, leveraging security without the fear and the stress factors.

Darin shared the code on Codepen. Get inspired, use it, improve it.

The impact of cyber crime on Belgian Businesses

In 2017, the Belgian Cost of Cybercrime project (KUL) published the results of an enlightening study aiming to measure the impact of cybercrime, and more broadly cyber attacks, on Belgian Businesses.

We can highligt two results from this paper: First most businesses have been hit by one form or another of cyberattack, some even more than once a year. So, the likelihood of being hit is quite high.

Second, the average cost per incident is relatively low, most of them below 500€, although in some cases, it was above 10.000€. It surely depends on the kind of business you are and on the size of your company. Meaning SME shouldn’t have to spend a fortune in protection measure.

 

You can find the report here: https://bcc-project.be/surveys/wp4-2-the-impact-of-cybercrime-on-belgian.pdf